Mapping the human brain has been a grand challenge in neuroscience for over a century. Non-human primates (NHPs) have also been intensively studied using research methods not readily carried out in humans. Such studies reveal detailed aspects of brain organization, connectivity, and function, including principles that inform our understanding of the human brain.
The Non-human Primate Neuroimaging & Neuroanatomy Project (NHP-NNP) was launched in 2018. It aims to chart neural pathways that underlie brain function and behavior, using high-quality non-invasive neuroimaging data in over 100 subjects of healthy adult macaque and marmoset monkeys, plus detailed mapping of anatomical connections in macaques.
The neuroimaging techniques in the NHP-NNP conform to the Human Connectome Project (HCP)-style approach, which provides greatly improved methods for data acquisition, analysis, visualization and sharing. This enables accelerated progress in elucidating brain structure, function, and connectivity and their relationships to behavior.